Clinical Trial Overview

Compiled by Jodie Elrod
Compiled by Jodie Elrod
The following is a listing of some of the ongoing EP-related clinical trials taking place in 2011.

Ventricular Tachycardia

Title: Comparison of the Effect of Ablation of the Clinically Presenting Ventricular Tachycardia (VT) Only Versus the Addition of Substrate Ablation Based on Scar Mapping; on the Long Term Success Rate of VT Ablation
  • Number of Patients: 120
  • Trial Start Date: January 2010
  • Estimated Completion Date: June 2012
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Purpose: This multicenter study will assess whether a combined technique of substrate ablation and ablation of the clinically presenting VT at the site of early activation is superior to ablation of the clinically presenting VT alone, in enhancing long-term success of VT ablation.
Contact: Luigi Di Biase, MD, St. David's Medical Center, 512-423-9855.
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Arrhythmia

Title: The Effect of General Anesthesia on the Risk for Arrhythmia - A Pilot Study
  • Number of Patients: 100
  • Trial Start Date: December 2010
  • Estimated Completion Date: December 2011
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Purpose: This prospective observational cohort study will investigate the QT interval before, during and after general anesthesia, and is designed to determine the incidence of perioperative QT prolongations. In a random sample of patients undergoing general anesthesia, the length of the QT interval will be analyzed during the perioperative period using a long-term EKG recording device.
Contact: Principal Investigator Kerstin Kolodzie, MD, Dept. of Anesthesia & Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), 415-885-3647.
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Atrial Fibrillation

Title: Pulmonary Vein Ablation Versus Amiodarone in the Elderly
  • Number of Patients: 138
  • Trial Start Date: March 2011
  • Estimated Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure in July 2013)
  • Status: Not Yet Recruiting
  • Purpose: This interventional, randomized study is designed to demonstrate that in patients aged 70 years or older with symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), pulmonary vein isolation using radiofrequency ablation therapy is superior to amiodarone in preventing the recurrence of AF.
Contact: Principal Investigator Lukas Dekker, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, +31402397004.
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Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy

Title: Prolonged Monitoring to Detect Ventricular Arrhythmias in Presymptomatic ARVC Patients (PREPARE)
  • Number of Patients: 100
  • Trial Start Date: December 2010
  • Estimated Completion Date: December 2015
  • Status: Recruiting
  • Purpose: Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a familial condition characterized by onset of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias in early adulthood, presenting with ventricular tachycardia, cardiac arrest or sudden death. The disease is diagnosed with tests that focus on imaging the right ventricle and assessing for ambient arrhythmia or abnormal electrical substrate. These factors are collated into a score that forms the ARVC Task Force Criteria, known to be specific but not sensitive. These criteria have been revised in 2010, introducing a broader and more quantitative approach to diagnosis including genetic testing results, intended to enhance sensitivity without reducing specificity. They account for findings from genetic testing, confounded in part by the unknown significance of a positive genetic test in the absence of a phenotype in a disease with variable penetrance and expressivity. Genetic testing identifies the underlying mutation in ≈60% of clearly affected patients. Recent access to genetic testing has demonstrated that family members of an affected individual often harbor the culprit mutation, with little evidence that they are affected from clinical testing. Given the risk of life-threatening arrhythmia as a first presentation of disease expression, enhanced detection of ventricular arrhythmia would help to identify patients with manifest ARVC. The PREPARE study will test the hypothesis that prolonged monitoring with an implantable loop recorder (ILR) will provide evidence of progressive electrical disease in gene positive ARVC patients with a non-diagnostic phenotype (negative or mild) who do not receive an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Detection of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia will have incremental value over routine periodic clinical follow-up and standard short-term monitoring (24-48 hour Holter). One hundred gene positive patients without manifest ARVC after standard screening clinical testing will undergo ILR implantation. These patients will fail to meet 2010 revised Task Force Criteria for definite ARVC and will not be considered candidates for a primary prevention ICD by the local investigator. A Health Canada approved St. Jude Medical Confirm™ loop recorder will be implanted using standard technique with local anesthetic, and patients will be followed for 3 years. Patients will undergo repeat clinical phenotype testing according to the local institutions standard practice, including testing at 3 years after enrollment to reassess Task Force Criteria (standard care), which will constitute the end of the study. A 24-hour Holter monitor will be encouraged annually to provide standard surveillance for ventricular arrhythmia as a comparator to loop recorder findings. In the event that non-sustained or sustained ventricular tachycardia is detected by the loop recorder (≥8 beats) and/or Holter monitor, clinical assessment by the local investigator will take place to review the tracing and discuss the findings with the patient. This will follow routine clinical care. The primary endpoint is detection of ≥8 beats of wide QRS complex tachycardia considered ventricular tachycardia by the ILR. Secondary endpoints will include comparison of ventricular arrhythmia burden between routine surveillance Holter monitoring and the ILR, and change in 2010 Task Force Criteria Score from enrollment to 3-year follow-up. Patients will provide written informed consent to participate in the study, with data collected in a password-protected web-based database. Patients will undergo follow-up at 1 and 4 weeks after implant, at 3 and 6 months and every 6 months thereafter. Follow-up will capture findings from loop recorder interrogation, along with change in clinical status and cardioactive drug use. A 24-hour Holter monitor will be encouraged annually to provide standard surveillance for ventricular arrhythmia as a comparator to loop recorder findings. This is a pilot study to explore the prevalence and incidence of ambient asymptomatic ventricular arrhythmias in presymptomatic genotype carriers of ARVC. An empiric number of 100 subjects was chosen based on disease prevalence and recruitment goals. Endpoint adjudication will include a 3-member adjudication committee comprised of coinvestigators. A single interim analysis of endpoints will be performed by an independent Data and Safety Monitoring Committee after 50 patients have completed at least one year of follow-up.
Contact: Principal Investigator Andrew Krahn, MD, FRCPC, University of Western Ontario, Canada, 519-663-3746.
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For more information, please visit http://clinicaltrials.gov/